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Bangkok city became the capital of Siam (as Thailand was previously known) in 1782 established by King Rama I, the founder of ruling Chakri dynasty, moved the court from the west to the east bank of the Chao Phraya River. The reason for the removal was that Bangkok had a better location for protection from foreign invasions as the city was separated by the river from the west bank and covered with the bigger area. Furthermore, the canal was dug around the city from Banglamphu to Ong Ang canals joined together and linked the Chao Phraya River created Rattanakosin Island. During the establishment, King Rama I commanded the construction of the Grand Palace close to the river model on the ancient palace of Ayutthaya with the royal temple, the Emerald Buddha temple, within the city walls. Moreover, the important government offices were newly built on the east bank as well. During 1782-1865, Bangkok remained a quiet place with lush vegetation and had a waterway as the main route of transportation till the reign of King Rama V (1868-1910) brought the nation into modernisation in terms of administration, education, justice, communications, and public health. Bangkok city is now a bustling city with a population of nearly 8 million and it is the centre of administration, transportation, business, communication, education, entertainment and more.
Things to do in Bangkok
The City of Bangkok is known as Krung Thep and its ceremonial name is the longest in the world. Bangkok is the most visited city in the world with luxury shopping centres, world-class dining cuisine, uniqueness of Thai culture and history and hospitality Thai people. It cannot be denied that Bangkok is one of the travel bucket lists for many travellers.
Explore the Rattanakosin Historical area :
With more than 200 years of history of Thailand's capital city, the city has various historical sites to explore and connect with the locals especially attractions around the Bangkok Old town. Rattanakosin area straddles the Chao Phraya River and it is an area that you will find Bangkok’s most spectacular and revered historical attractions. Important highlights in Bangkok Old Town include The Grand Palace, Wat Pho, Wat Mahathat, Sanam Luang, The National Gallery. No attraction is more likely to take the breath away than visit Rattanakosin Island which is the heart of Bangkok.
Explore the Bangkok city along the Chao Phraya River
Chao Phraya River is the lifeblood of Bangkok. And that is not only because of this rich history. Around 50,000 people still use the ferries here to get around each day. Slow barges bearing cargo coast upstream. Kids still frolic in the russet-brown water. Wooden shacks, mottled by the elements, still lurch over the riverbanks.
Along the Chao Phraya river, you will see many historical attractions such as Holy Rosary Church (built-in 1787), Santa Cruz Church (Built in the 1700s), Wat Arun (Built-in 1768) and Grand Palace.
Food & Shopping Lifestyle
Bangkok is not only well known for historical attractions but also well-known for shopping for shopaholics and World's best food destination for food lovers. From various luxury malls to flea markets, Bangkok is one of the world's best shopping destinations. Over the years, Bangkok has become home to innumerable shopping complexes and rambling markets which have everything you are looking for. Explore flea markets, you can find vintage products, Thai handicrafts products, Books and more with bargaining price. On the other hand, Bangkok is considered one of the best street food destinations in the world. Thai people love and are passionate about food, it is not surprising that you will find street food in every corner of Bangkok. There are some Thai dishes you shouldn't miss once you visit Bangkok such as Som tam (papaya salad), Tom Yam (hot and sour Thai soup), Pad Thai (stir-fried rice noodle dish).